Awang, Amran (2006) Orientasi Keusahawanan Firma Dan Prestasi Perusahaan Kecil Dan Sederhana (PKS) Bumiputera : Kajian Impak Penyederhana Beberapa Faktor Persekitaran Yang Ditanggap / Amran Awang. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.
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This study aims to verify direct relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and performance and the interaction of the perceived environment as third variable on EOperformance relation. The study was conducted on 210 firms among Bumiputera small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in three northern states of Peninsular Malaysia, namely Penang, Kedah and Perlis. Using factor analysis and varimax rotation, each component was loaded with three items that has value of factor loadings more than .40. Factor analysis identified four factors of EO as independent variable namely, autonomy, innovativeness, proactiveness and risk taking dimensions. Perceived environmental factors consisted of five dimensions of munificence, turbulence, competition, market dynamism, and restrictiveness were identified as moderators. Three dependent variables identified as return on sales (ROS) return on assets (ROA) and return on capital (ROC) were used in the study. Four control variables of sole proprietorship, partnership, private limited company and small-sized firm were dummy coded to ascertain their influence in performance. EO dimensions are multidimensional where each of the four dimensions is a separate component. Each of the components consists of three items. Hypothesis testing utilized four steps hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Significant model shown in F-value and positive beta coefficient shows the acceptance of direct relation and interaction effect. Two control variables directly affected ROS were observed in the first step of the analysis. The second step of the analysis found direct relation of three EO dimensions related to higher performance. In the third step, all perceived environmental factors were found to directly related with performance. The fourth step detected interaction effect where significant model and beta coefficients were tested further with post-hoc probing by curve analysis on 2x2 graphs. Perceived environmental factors were found to moderate the relationship between EO and performance.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory. Demography|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Business Management|
|Depositing User:||Unit Pendigitan PTAR|
|Date Deposited:||18 May 2011 04:42|
|Last Modified:||09 Aug 2012 04:28|
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